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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Jan 2014, 35 (1)                                     Back


nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Are the shells of Scrobicularia plana useful for

monitoring trace metal pollution events?

 

S?lvia P?rez-Mayol1*, Juli?n Blasco2, Victoria Tornero2, Beatriz Morales-Nin1, Ana Massanet3 and Antonio Tovar-S?nchez3

1IMEDEA-Institut Mediterrani d'Estudis Avan?ats (UIB-CSIC), Department of Ecology and Marine Resources,

Fish Ecology Group. C/ Miquel Marqu?s 21, 07190 Esporles, Balearic Islands. Spain

2ICMAN-Instituto de Ciencias Marinas de Andaluc?a (CSIC). Campus Universitario R?o San Pedro, 11510 Puerto Real, C?diz. Spain

3IMEDEA-Institut Mediterrani d' Estudis Avan?ats (UIB-CSIC), Department of Global Change Research,

C/ Miquel Marqu?s 21, 07190 Esporles, Balearic Islands. Spain

*Corresponding Author E-mail: silvia@imedea.uib-csic.es

 

 

 

 Publication Data

Paper received:

03 March 2013

 

Revised received:

05 April 2013

 

Accepted:

05 September 2013

 

Abstract

The rupture of a mine dam in Aznalc?llar (SW Spain) in April 1998 entailed the contamination of Guadalquivir River and its estuary. To study the ability of bivalve shells to monitor the temporal changes on metal composition in the area, two year old Scrobicularia plana were obtained from two different locations of the estuary (Pantalan highly influenced and Pantoca less influenced) during the year 2000 and 2007. Co, Hg, Mo, Ni and Zn content was measured in shell and soft tissue of S. plana. Metal composition in shells sampled by micromilling and corresponding to the years 1999, 2000, 2006 and 2007 was higher in Pantalan (Co: 5.88?2.7 ?g g-1; Hg: 0.04?0.03 ?g g-1; Mo: 0.41?7.90 ?g g-1; Ni: 37.66?25.56 ?g g-1 and Zn: 9.19?8.88 ?g g-1) than in Pantoca (Co: 3.64?0.50 ?g g-1; Hg: 0.02?0.02 ?g g-1; Mo: 4.70?1.20 ?g g-1; Ni: 7.21?13.60 ?g g-1 and Zn: 3.90?1.89 ?g g-1). A marked temporal decrease was observed for all metals in Pantalan station with concentrations of Co, Hg, Mo, Ni and Zn varying respectively from 7.35?3.02, 0.05?0.03, 19.90?2.40, 70.58?21.94 and 18.04?0.98 ?g g-1, in 1999 to 3.07?1.08, 0.009?0.001, 2.40?1.43, 10.11?3.80 and 1.11?0.33 ?g g-1 in 2007, indicating that the effect of the mine accident had diminished significantly. Metal content in soft tissues did not follow the same decreasing trend indicating that soft tissues present a different capacity to accumulate metals from the environment. Our results confirm that micromilling shells are a suitable tool to assess bioaccumulation of contaminants during the entire life-span of bivalves.

 

Key words

Contamination, Mine spill, Micromill, Scrobicularia plana, Trace metals

 

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