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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Apr Supplement 2012, 33 (2)                                     Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Effect of kiln dust from a cement factory on growth of Vicia faba L.


Author Details


Ismet Uysal

(Corresponding author)

Department of Biology, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Canakkale, 17100, Turkey


Hasan GŲksel ÷zdilek

Department of Environmental Engineering, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Canakkale, 17100, Turkey

MŁnir ÷ztŁrk

Department of Biology, Ege University, Izmir, 35100, Turkey



Publication Data

Paper received:

21 October 2010


Revised received:

12 July 2011



30 July 2011



This study was undertaken to study the effects of different amounts of kiln dust mixed with soil on the seed germination, plant growth, leaf area and water content of Vicia faba cv. Eresen. The reason for this was that cement kiln dust generated as a by-product from the cement factories is rich in potassium, sulfate and other compounds.This product becomes a serious problem when it comes in contact with water. The dust was collected from a cement factory located in «anakkale. Various elements such as Al, Co, Mo, Ca, B, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, P, Pb, S, Se and Zn were determined both in soil as well as kiln dust. Kiln dust was mixed with soil in pots (20 cm diameter) to make seven different treatments varying from 15 to 105 g kiln dust kg-1 of soil. The experiment lasted for 4 months. Seeds of V. faba were sown in the pots filled with mixtures of preanalysed kiln dust and soil. Germination was high in the pots with a lower treatment of cement kiln dust. However, lower germination rates were observed in the pots mixed with the highest and the medium amounts of cement kiln dust. Plants growing in the soil including 15 g kiln dust showed better performance in length as compared to control. Leaf area increased withincrease in cement kiln dust content up to 60 g kiln dust kg-1 of soil, but declined after 75 g kg-1. Water content of leaves (mg cm-2 leaf area) was found to be constantly decreasing with respect to increasing cement kiln content in the pots. Differences between the averages were evaluated by Tukey test and results were found to be significant.


Key words

Cement kiln dust, Vicia faba, Plant growth, Air and soil pollution


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