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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Apr Supplement 2012, 33 (2)                                     Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Vegetation geography of western part of Elmacik mountain, Turkey


Author Details


Derya Evrim Kilic

(Corresponding author)

Department of Geography, Faculty of Science and Art, Sakarya University, Sakarya, 54187, Turkey


Cercis Ikiel

Department of Geography, Faculty of Science and Art, Sakarya University, Sakarya, 54187, Turkey




Publication Data

Paper received:

26 November 2010


Revised received:

07 July 2011



30 July 2011



The study examines the western part of Elmacik mountain from the perspective of vegetation geography. Research area is within the phytogeographical region of Euro-Siberian that is among the flora and phytogeographical region of Turkey. According to Turkey?s grid square system, the research area is located in the A3 square. The main elements of forest formation consist of Fagus orientalis, Abies nordmanniana subspp. bornmuelleriana, Pinus nigra subsp. pallasiana, Pinus sylvestris, Quercus spp., Platanus orientalis and Tilia argentea. Humid forests are dominant and the main elements of shrub formation consist of Buxus sempervirens, Rubus sanctus and especially Rhododendron ponticum subsp. ponticum. The main herbaceous formation area consists of Digitalis ferruginea subsp. ferruginea, Fragaria vesca, Euphorbia falcata, Crocus colchicum kotschyi and Verbascum sp. Distribution of natural vegetation varies due to climate, soils and morphologic character and of the research area. This situation was examined and defined by applying field surveys and geographical information systems.


Key words

Elmacik mountain, Keremali hill, Vegetation formation


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