nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene
attributes and distribution of Anatolian black pine [Pinusnigra Arnold. subsp. pallasianaLamb.Holmboe]
of Geography, Buca Faculty of Education, DokuzEylulUniversity, Izmir-35150,Turkey
Department of Geography, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, BalikesirUniversity, Balikesir-10145, Turkey
30 July 2011
The aim of this study is to
determine ecoregions and the effect of ecological
properties on natural distribution of Anatolian black pine [Pinusnigra
Arnold. subsp. pallasianaLamb. (Holmboe)] inTurkey.
The results suggest that 6 ecoregions exist and
climate, parent material, topography, anthropogenic factors, floristic
composition, competition are ecological factors that determine the
distribution of Black pine in Turkey.
But, climatic elements such as precipitation and temperature are the dominant
factors. The six ecoregions with different
characteristics have been identified and distribution of Anatolian black pine
revealed depending on ecological features of each region. Each region has its
own characteristics that affect the growth and distribution of black pine.
Productive black pine forest are found on the subhumid-semiarid areas receiving humid air mass coming
from the seas either on northern or southern coastal mountains of Turkey. The
poor and/or lowest productive stands occur in the semiarid parts of Inner
Anatolia. Black pine can grow on all material in the semi-arid and sub-humid
cold climates, but deep weatheared parent materials
are the best for growing of black pine.