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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue July 2011, 32 (4)                                     Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

The cladoceran trophic status in the nitrogen limited

ecosystem of lake Kinneret (Israel)


Author Details


Moshe Gophen Migal

(Corresponding author)

Galilee Technology Center P.O. Box 831, Kiryat Shmone 11016, Israel




Publication Data

Paper received:

31 August 2009


Revised received:

15 October 2009



24 January 2010



The impact of cladocerans metabolic activities on the carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) dynamics in Lake Kinneret (Israel) is presented. The study, is based on the incorporation of field data and experimental measurements. Grazing, respiration and production rates of Diaphanosoma spp., Ceriodaphnia spp. and Bosmina spp. were experimentally measured? at three temperatures,? and the results were extrapolated to the field biomass distribution at these respective temperatures, and the? total lake capacity was calculated using the following equation: consumption = respiration + production? + excretion. The field capacity of consumption, respiration and production were found to be mostly correlated with biomass density, but the temporal fluctuation of? the percent of excretion from consumed energy differed.? The increase in P, decline in N and decrease in the TN/TP mass ratio in the epilimnion of Lake Kinneret during 1969-2004 created N limitation. An increase in C and decline in TN, with a consequential increase in the C/TN ratio were documented. TP was augmented but the C/TP ratio was only slightly increased.? During 1975-2004, P was probably, a minor limitation for cladoceran growth. The positive impact of recycled P by cladocerans under the N limitation in Lake Kinneret is discussed. There is a current threat on the water quality, derived from N limitation (mostly in summer-fall) and consequent Cyanophyta blooms. Thus, the role of recycled P by grazers may be significant.


Key words

Cladocera, Nitrogen Limitation, Lake Kinneret


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