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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue July 2011, 32 (4)                                     Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Temporal dynamics of Trichodesmium erythraeum (Cyanophyta) in the

National Park ďSistema Arrecifal VeracruzanoĒ in the Gulf of Mexico


Author Details


Josť A. Akť-Castillo

(Corresponding author)

Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Pesquerias, Universidad Veracruzana, Calle Hidalgo No. 617,

Boca del Rio, Veracruz, Mexico. C.P. 94290




Publication Data

Paper received:

31 August 2009


Revised received:

28 April 2010



22 September 2010




Trichodesmium erythraeum Ehrenberg ex Gomont is a microalga worldwide distributed in tropical seas. This filamentous microalga was detected in phytoplankton samples collected in the Protected Natural Area ďParque Nacional Sistema Arrecifal VeracruzanoĒ, and because of its ecological importance, its temporal dynamics was studied using net samples (30 Ķm) collected in one year period. Samples were studied with a light microscope recording the presence, morphological characteristics, life form and relative abundance. Trichodesmium erythraeum occurred as single filaments and was rare in April 2007 and March 2008; as single filaments from May to August and December 2007; as single filaments and small aggregates in September 2007 and January 2008; in aggregates of large size (> 3 mm) and high relative abundance in October 2007; and was absence in November 2007 and April 2008. Although the relative abundance of the species was not important comparing with other members of phytoplankton, its occurrence was frequent with a bloom at the beginning of the north winds period. The observed temporal dynamics of this microalga in this coral reef region comes up on the alert in the monitoring red tides programs being implemented in Veracruz coast.

Key words

Bloom, Coral reef, Gulf of Mexico, Phytoplankton, Toxicity


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