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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue May 2008, 29 (3)                                     Back

Studies on nest construction and nest microclimate of the Baya weaver, Ploceus philippinus (Linn.)

S.Asokan*,A. Mohamed Samsoor Ali and R. Nagarajan

P.G. and Research Department of Zoology and Wildlife Biology, A.V.C. College (Autonomous), Mannampandal-609 305, India

(Received: March 18, 2006; Revised received: October 15, 2006; Accepted: December 03, 2006)

Abstract: The nest construction pattern at different stages of nest and variations in the nest microclimate i.e., temperature and light intensity were assessed in different nests of Baya weaver (Ploceus philippinus) between November 2002 and March 2003 in Nagapattinam and Tiruvarur District of Tamil Nadu, India. The Baya weaver constructed nests in palm (Borassus flabellifer), coconut (Cocos nucifera) and date palm trees (Phoneix psuilla) and majority of the nests were found in the solitary palm. The male bird only involved in the construction and took 18 days to construct a single nest. The birds spent different amount of working hours (in terms of days) for completing various stages of nests viz., wad, ring and helmet stage and in which the Ďhelmet stage took a maximum of eight days. Furthermore, totally eight active nests were selected and once in a week the variations in the nest microclimate was investigated with reference to atmospheric temperature and light intensity (two active nests) across day throughout the study period. The mean temperature of the nests ranged from 25oC to 29oC and light intensity varied between 25 Lux and 625 Lux. The analysis of variance (Anova and Ancova) indicated that the nest microclimate varied among the nests in different hr of a day.

Key words: Nest construction, Wad stage, Ring stage, Helmet stage, Temperature, Light intensity

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