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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Mar 2024, 45 (2)                                     Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Socio-ecological system of the mountainous region: A case study from Georgia


N. Elizbarashvili*, T. Pilauri, R. Elizbarashvili, L. Grigolia, G. Sandodze, S. Abramishvili and L. Bubashvili      

Department of Geography of Georgia and Landscape Planning, Tbilisi State University, 0179, Tbilisi, Georgia

Received: 24 November 2023                   Revised: 25 December 2023                   Accepted: 30 January 2024

*Corresponding Author Email :                             *ORCiD:





Aim: The research aim to study the change to characteristics of the socio-ecological system of the mountain regions of Georgia.

Methodology: Research methods included geographic, cartographic, ecosystem, and landscape research methodology, landscape-ecological analysis and synthesis methods, and social-ecological systems concepts.

Results: The results showed the following: Ecological characteristics of medium and high mountain natural landscapes and ecosystems within the Central Caucasus (Georgia's historical-geographical province of Pshav-Khevsureti); Main forms of cultural landscape, their economic and social values of the mountain region; Environmental protection of the local population, ethics and environmental history and the ecological, economic, and social culture of the population of the mountain region.

Interpretation: In the mountainous regions of Georgia, there is a high potential for creating cultural landscapes, based on the results of the long-term and effective interdependence of man and nature. Cultural landscapes, depending on their importance, will further increase the sustainability of the socio-ecological system of mountainous regions.

Key words: Cultural landscape, Ecological culture, Georgia, Mountainous regions, Socio-ecological syste




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