JEB logo

Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

About Journal
    Obituary: Dr. R. C. Dalela
    Editorial Board
    Reviewer Panel
    Publication Policies
    Guidelines for Editors
    Guidelines for Reviewers
    Abstracting and Indexing
    Subscription and Payments
    Contact Journal
    About Triveni Enterprises
Read Journal
    Current Issue
    Journal Archives
For Authors
    Guidelines for Authors
    Terms and Conditions
    Fees and Payments
    Track Paper Status

Google Search the Journal web-site:

    Abstract - Issue Jul 2022, 43 (4)                                     Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Duration of exposure modulates

combined effects of arsenic and fluoride

on oxidative stress in the liver of rat


Huma, Y. Verma and S.V.S. Rana*

Department of Toxicology, Ch Charan Singh University, Meerut-250 004, India

*Corresponding Author Email :


Received: 20.07.2021                                                                                               Revised: 11.10.2021                                                                                   Accepted: 03.01.2022




Aim: Exposure time dependent combined effects of arsenic (sodium arsenate) and fluoride (sodium fluoride), two major ground water pollutants, have been studied on oxidative stress and antioxidant mechanisms in the liver of female Wistar rats.

Methodology: Healthy rats were treated with sodium arsenate (4mg kg-1 b.wt.) and sodium fluoride (4mg kg-1 b.wt.) for three-time intervals, i.e., 30, 60 and 90 days through gavage.  Liver tissues of exposed rats were analysed for malonaldehyde (MDA), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), nitric oxide (NO), reduced glutathione (GSH), oxidized glutathione (GSSG), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and catalase (CAT).

Results: Combined exposure of rats to arsenic and fluoride for selected period of exposure viz. 30, 60 and 90 days yielded different results on parameters of oxidative stress in liver. The highest values for malondialdehyde (0.610 nmoles mg-1 protein), hydrogen peroxide (2.31µ moles) and nitric oxide (2.57µ moles) were recorded after 60 days of exposure. Maximum decline in GSH (0.154µ mol g-1 liver) after 30 days of exposure, in GSSG (110µ mol g-1 liver) after 90 days of exposure, GPx (1.03 nmoles NADPH min mg-1 protein) after 30 days of exposure and catalse (74.96 units) after 30 days of exposure were registered. Results showed resistance against oxidative stress after 90 days of combined exposure to arsenic and fluoride.

Interpretation: It is hypothesized that internalization of arsenic and fluoride in the hepatic parenchyma leads to the formation of a compound, arsenic trifluoride (AsF3). It was found less toxic than arsenic but more toxic than fluoride. Arsenic-protein interaction is also modulated in the presence of fluoride in the hepatic parenchymal cell.

Key words: Antioxidant enzymes, Arsenic, Fluoride, Liver, Oxidative stress, Rat




Copyright © 2022 Triveni Enterprises. All rights reserved. No part of the Journal can be reproduced in any form without prior permission. Responsibility regarding the authenticity of the data, and the acceptability of the conclusions enforced or derived, rest completely with the author(s).