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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Sep 2021, 42 (5)                                     Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Mapping of active and empty aquaponds using spectral indices in coastal region of Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India


P. Prasuna Rani, M. Sunil Kumar and P.V. Geetha Sireesha 

Geospatial Technology Centre, RARS, Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Guntur-522 034, India

*Corresponding Author Email :


Received: 28.07.2020                                                                          Revised: 29.01.2021                                                                    Accepted: 03.05.2021




Aim: To evaluate spectral indices as tools for separation of active aquaponds filled with water and engaged in shrimp/fish production from empty aquaponds using Landsat -8 data in coastal region of Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh.

Methodology: The active and empty aquaponds were demarcated with Landsat satellite (Landsat-8) Operational Land Imager’s (OLI) multispectral images using maximum likelihood classifier (MLC) algorithm and spectral indices like Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI), Modified NDWI (MNDWI), Water Ratio Index (WRI) and Automated Water Extraction Index (AWEInsh) by means of thresholds.

Results: The supervised classification using maximum likelyhood classifier recorded the highest active aquapond area whereas; NDWI, combination of indices and WRI resulted in lower but almost similar extents. Evaluation of confusion matrix using validation points revealed that NDWI, WRI and combination of indices resulted in all most perfect agreement with a kappa value of more than 0.9. Maximum likelihood classifier, NDVI and MNDWI could separate active ponds and empty ponds from other land uses with strong agreement, while AWEInsh could separate different land uses only with moderate agreement.      

Interpretation: The study indicates that spectral indices like NDWI, WRI and combination of indices  are able to delineate aquaponds that were cultured for shrimp/fish and kept empty at a given time with noticeably high accuracy using satellite data for better managing of resources in coastal ecosystem.

Key words: Aquaculture, Aquaponds, Decision trees, Spectral indices, Threshold values




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