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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Sep 2021, 42 (5)                                     Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Polyphasic taxonomic characterization of nine Penicillium species from soil of different parts of India


R. Debbarma, T. Prameeladevi, A. Tyagi and D. Kamil* 

Division of Plant Pathology, ICAR, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi-110 012, India

*Corresponding Author Email :


Received: 06.07.2020                                                                              Revised: 24.12.2020                                                             Accepted: 08.06.2021




Aim: Morpho-molecular analyses for taxonomic characterization of nine predominant Penicillium species present in the soil of different parts of India.

Methodology: Fifteen Penicillium isolates were isolated from the soil samples collected from the experimental field of ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi. Another twenty-six isolates were procured from Indian Type Culture Collection (ITCC), Division of Plant Pathology, ICAR-IARI, New Delhi which were isolated from the soil of different parts of India. Total 41 isolates were characterized following distinct macroscopic (colony texture, colony colour exudate production; soluble pigmentation; reverse coloration and mycelial growth) and microscopic observations (type of penicillus; shape of phialides; conidial shape, size and pigmentation). Molecular characterization was done using partial β-tubulin gene sequence which is considered an excellent marker in differentiating Penicillium species.

Results: The morphological data in species description perfectly matched with molecular data generated using β-tubulin gene marker and nine different species viz., P. aethiopicum, P. chrysogenum, P. crustosum, P. janthinellum, P. mononematosum, P. oxalicum, P. polonicum, P. singorense and Talaromyces pinophilus (Syn.  P. pinophilum) were confirmed.      

Interpretation: Above nine Penicillium species are found predominantly in the soil collected from different parts of India. The β-tubulin gene can be considered as an excellent marker to differentiate Penicillium species as confirmed from this study. The combined morpho- molecular analyses can be further utilized to delineate morphologically similar Penicillium species and also helpful to establish new species of Penicillium.

Key words: β-tubulin gene, Morpho-molecular approach, Penicillium species




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