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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Sep 2020, 41 (5)                                     Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Bio-characterizations of some marine bacterial strains isolated from mangrove sediment samples of four major cities of Saudi Arabia 


K.A. Qureshi1,2*, M. Seroor1, A. AI-Masabi1, M.A. Saykhan1, Y.A. Mutairi1, G.O. Elhassan1 and R.A. Khan3 

1Department of Pharmaceutics, Unaizah College of Pharmacy (Qassim University), Unaizah, 51911, Saudi Arabia

2Department of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Invertis University, Bareilly-243 123, India

3Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy (Qassim University), Buraidah, 51411, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author Email :

Paper received: 31.10.2019 ?????? ???????????????????????????????????????Revised received: 28.01.2020 ???????????? ???????????????????????????Accepted: 01.04.2020



Aim: To isolate, purify and bio-characterize native antibiotic-producing bacterial strains present in the mangrove sediment samples sourced from the coastal areas of four major cities, i.e., Jeddah, Yanbu, Dammam and Jubail of Saudi Arabia.

Methodology: The mangrove sediment samples were collected and processed according to the reported standard techniques. Selective Millipore? filter technique was followed to isolate bioactive marine organisms. Isolates were identified by the next-generation 16S rRNA sequencing method. The isolated strains were screened for their antimicrobial activity by spot inoculation method. The effects of pH, temperature, and salt concentrations on the growth of isolated bacterial strains were also recorded.

Results: Out of four mangrove sediment samples, eight bioactive bacterial strains namely, Bacillus pumilus NCTC 10337, Bacillus cereus strain JEM-2, Bacillus cereus FRI-35, Bacillus safensis strain KCTC 12796BP, Bacillus pumilus strain W3, Escherichia coli 0157 strain FDAAR GOS_293, Klebsiella oxytoca strain AR-0147, and Bacillus pumilus strain NJ-V2 were isolated. The optimum growth of bacteria was observed between pH 6.5-7.5 at a temperature range of 35-45oC, and salt (NaCl) concentration of 2.0-3.5 %, except for Klebsiella oxytoca strain AR-0147, which grew well at 25oC temperature.      

Interpretation: The emulation of marine-linked mangrove ecosystem, salty and heated sandy-soil inhabitant environment favored these strains. The best bacterial growth nearly biomimicked with the natural environment of optimum local temperature, bearable-salinity, and soil pH.       

Key words: Antimicrobial Activity, Mangrove-sediment, Marine bacteria, Millipore filter technique



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