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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Sep 2019, 40 (5)                                     Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene



Expression of nitric oxide synthase isoforms in lacrimal glands of rats


Paper received:? 11.01.2019??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Revised received:? 25.03.2019???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Accepted: 30.04.2019



Authors Info

D.K. Park, Y. H. Yu, J.H. Kang,

K.H. Lee, D.Y. Yoo, K.H. Park

and D.S. Kim*


Department of Anatomy, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan, 31151, Republic of Korea



*Corresponding Author Email : 





Aim: The present study was conducted to investigate the distribution of nitric oxide synthase isoforms (endothelial, neuronal, and inducible NOS) and changes in endothelial NOS (eNOS) expression after intraperitoneal injection of N(G)-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) in rats.    


Methodology: Immunohistological and immunoelectron microscopic study, using monoclonal mouse anti-endothelial NOS, anti-neuronal NOS and anti-inducible NOS were performed on the exorbital lacrimal glands of rats.    


Results: eNOS-positive immunoreactivities were observed in the intralobular ducts and interlobular ducts of exorbital lacrimal gland of rats. One day after L-NAME administration, the size of eNOS-positive immunoreactivities had significantly decreased, however, after 3 and 5 days of L-NAME administration, eNOS-positive immunoreactivities were restored. Neuronal NOS-positive immunoreactivity was observed in nerve fibers of exorbital lacrimal gland, but was not detected in the duct systems or in the acinar cells. The inducible NOS was not detected in the exorbital lacrimal glands of rats.    


Interpretation: Expression of nNOS in the nerves of lacrimal gland suggests that NO may play a role in modulating tear production. eNOS and nNOS were expressed in the exorbital lacrimal glands of rats, and the endogenously located eNOS was influenced by NOS inhibitor (L-NAME). These results suggest that endogenous NOS may be closely related with the direct or indirect regulation of glandular secretion and blood flow in the exorbital lacrimal glands.


Key words: Exorbital lacrimal gland, N ω- Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride, Nitric oxide synthase, Tear production




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