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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Mar 2019, 40 (2)                                                                                                             Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Effects of applied cadmium on its accumulation, dry matter production and net photosynthesis in okra and amelioration of cadmium toxicity through lime application


Paper received: 20.07.2017 Revised received: 25.11.2017 Re-revised received: 07.05.2018 Accepted: 02.07.2018



Authors Info

S. Raychaudhuri*,

M. Raychaudhuri, S.K. Rautaray and S.R. Chowdhury

ICAR Indian Institute of Water Management, Chandrasekharpur, Bhubaneswar, Odisha - 751 023, India



*Corresponding Author Email :






Aim: Vegetables grown in cadmium contaminated soils accumulate cadmium in their tissues and are risky for consumption. The aim of the study was to get an insight into the effect of different levels of cadmium in soil, on accumulation in different plant parts of okra and its effect on overall growth, biomass production and photosynthesis rate so that suitable management option is explored to produce safe vegetable in cadmium contaminated soils.  


Methodology: The study was conducted in replicated pots with three soil pH (5.46, 6.54 and 7.45) attained through addition of CaCO3 as main treatment and four Cd levels viz., 0, 3, 6 and 9 mg kg-1 of soil as sub-treatment. Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) was taken as the test crop. The experiment was conducted in a net house.


Results: The Cd concentrations were minimum in fruits (0.54, 0.31 and 0.14 mg kg-1) and higher in leaves at acidic pH (5.5), while in soil limed to slightly acidic (6.5) and alkaline pH (7.5) roots retained maximum Cd among plant parts. Net photosynthesis and biomass production decreased significantly with higher Cd doses at acidic pH (5.5). The rate of decline in net photosynthesis was lesser at higher soil pH. The transfer factors decreased with increase in soil pH. The DTPA extractable soil Cd decreased from 8.5 to 2% when soil pH increased rendering the Cd less available for plant uptake.


Interpretation: Liming can be an effective ameliorative measure to mitigate Cd toxicity in acidic soils and can ensure safe consumption. Lowest accumulation of cadmium in fruit part suggests okra to be a potential vegetable crop for Cd polluted soils.


Key words: Metal contaminant, Net photosynthesis, Soil pH, Transfer factor, Translocation factor




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