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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Mar 2019, 40 (2)                                                                                                             Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Estimation of time since death using a body cooling model of pigs: A pilot study

Paper received: 15.09.2018 Revised received: 06.12.2018 Accepted: 07.12.2018



Authors Info

C.H. Hyun1, T.H. Song2, K.Y. Sim3, N.J. Kim4, D.S. Kim5 and

D.K. Park5*  


1Jeonbuk Provincial Police Agency,

Jeonju, 54962, Republic of Korea

2Korea Police Investigation

Academy, Asan, 31540, Republic of Korea

3Gyeonggi Nambu Provincial Police Agency, Suweon, 16218, Republic of Korea

4Busan Metropolitan Police Agency, Busan, 47545, Republic of Korea

5Department of Anatomy,

Soonchunhyang University,

Cheonan, 31151, Republic of Korea 



*Corresponding Author Email :




Aim: The aim of this study was to test the effects of Korean floor-heating system on heat loss using adult pig models, and to create a novel formula for estimating time since death during the early stages of decomposition.     


Methodology: Three electric mattress pads were placed on the ground to maintain a constant temperature of the substrate like the ondol heating system. Four temperature measuring probes were placed in each pig: inside the rectum, on the body surface, between the body and the surface of mattress pad and on the mattress pad. The probes were connected to a temperature data logger system. Temperature was recorded every minute and statistical analysis was performed using the SAS (version 9.3) program.   


Results: Spearman's Rank Correlation results demonstrated the rectal temperature, and the temperature between the body and the surface of pad were strongly correlated with postmortem cooling of the body, rather than ambient temperature. The rate of cooling of the body is represented by a cube function of time rather than an exponential or bi-exponential function.           


Interpretation: This research indicates that postmortem cooling of the body is more influenced by ground surface temperature than by ambient (environment) temperature, and the rectal temperature fluctuated with the ambient temperature. Additionally, the study showed that pigs can be good animal models that can substitute human cadaver to study the process of decomposition.


Key words: Animal model, Body cooling, Pig, Postmortem interval











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