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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Mar 2019, 40 (2)                                                                                                             Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Hydro-chemistry of groundwater in a North Indian city and its suitability assessment for drinking and irrigation purposes


Paper received: 08.02.2018 Revised received: 20.04.2018 Re-revised received: 12.05.2018 Accepted: 23.05.2018



Authors Info

K. Ravindra1*, Suman Mor2,

A. Singh3, V.J. Singh3,

N. Dhanda3, P. Rani3 and

S. Mor4   


1School of Public Health, Department of Community Medicine, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh-160 012, India

2Department of Environment Studies, Panjab University, Chandigarh-160 014, India

3Department of Energy and Environmental Science, Chaudhary Devi Lal University, Sirsa-125 055, India

4Centre for Public Health, Panjab University,

Chandigarh-160 025, India


*Corresponding Author Email :





Aim: The current study aimed to identify the hydro-geological processes that control the groundwater chemistry. Further, groundwater quality was also evaluated for drinking and irrigation purposes.     


Methodology: Groundwater samples were collected from a semi-arid region of North India i.e., Ellenabad, Sirsa, Haryana. The samples were analyzed following the American Public Health Association standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater.   


Results: Most of the groundwater samples of study area fall under hard category. The saline nature of groundwater can be attributed to high concentration of total dissolved salts (340104 mg l-1). Majority of the groundwater samples showed fluoride concentration below the permissible limit of WHO and BIS (1.0 mg l-1). Multivariate analysis including sodium absorption ratio was calculated to assess the water quality for irrigation purpose and it was found appropriate for majority of crops, except for sensitive plant species.       


Interpretation: Potability assessment of groundwater showed that more than 40% samples were unacceptable for drinking purpose without any prior treatment, hence, it is essential to conduct a routine monitoring of groundwater to determine its aptness for drinking, domestic and agriculture purposes.


Key words: Gibb's plot, Groundwater quality, Hydro-geochemistry, Piper trilinear plot, Wilcox diagram




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