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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Jan 2019, 40 (1)                                                                                                             Back



nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Effect of organic and conventional farming practices on soil microbial population

Paper received: 05.04.2018 Revised received: 12.06.2018 Re-revised received: 16.06.2018 Accepted: 18.06.2018

 

 

 

Authors Info

H.S. Sheoran*, V.K. Phogat

and R. Dahiya 

 

Department of Soil Science,

CCS Haryana Agricultural University,

Hisar-125 004, India

 

 

 

*Corresponding Author Email :

sheoranhardeep2008@gmail.com

 

 

 

Abstract

Aim: Microbial community has an integral role in farming, but there is limited understanding of the complex response of microbial populations to organic and conventional farming systems. Therefore, the present study was carried out to study the effect of organic and conventional farming practices on soil microbial population in Haryana.  

 

Methodology: Fifty surface soil samples (0-15 cm) were collected from organic and their adjoining conventional farms at 11 districts of Haryana. Soil samples were processed and analyzed for Rhizobium, Azotobacter, Azospirillium and phosphorous solubilizing bacterial (PSB) counts for the two types of farming systems.      

 

Results: In comparison to conventional farming system, overall, population of PSB (which was 25.71104 CFU g-1 soil) increased significantly to 36.91104 CFU g-1 soil (an increase of 43.5%). Similarily, Rhizobium population in organic farming system increased from 29.26104 CFU g-1 soil to 42.14104 CFU g-1 soil (an increase of 44.1%). The population of Azotobacter increased significantly from 15.83104 to 22.01104 CFU g-1 soil (39.0%), while Azospirillium population increased from 13.66104 to 20.10104 CFU g-1 with an increase of 47.1%. Thus, it is clear from the results that organic nutrient sources showed a stimulating influence on the microbial populations of organic farming.          

 

Interpretation: Higher microbial population recorded in organic farming in comparison to conventional farming leads to better soil health and increased productivity.

 

Key words: Azospirillium, Azotobacter, Conventional farming system, Organic nutrients, Rhizobium

 

 

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