JEB logo

Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

About Journal
    Editorial Board
    Reviewer Panel
    RnD Division
    Subscription Info
    Contact Journal
Read Journal
    Current Issue
    Journal Archives
For Authors
    Authoring Guidelines
    Publication Process
    Track Paper Status

Search the Journal web-site through Google:

        Abstract - Issue Sep 2018, 39 (5)                                                                                                             Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Dietary effects of rotifers, brine shrimps and cultured copepods on survival and growth of newborn seahorse Hippocampus kuda

(Bleeker 1852)


J.C. Teh1, Mohd. S. Kamarudin1*, N. Romano1, A. Arshad1, 2 and N.L.W.S. Wong1

1Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

2Centre of Marine Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 71050 Port Dickson, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia

*Corresponding Author E-mail:




Key words

Critical period

First feeding

Live foods

Newborn yellow seahorse

Prey consumption




Publication Data

Paper received : 21.11.2016

Revised received : 06.01.2017

Re-revised received : 19.03.2017

Accepted : 28.12.2017



Aim: Low survival remains a significant obstacle during the early culture of Hippocampus kuda. To potentially develop a better feeding regime to newborn H. kuda without relying on wild zooplanktons, two separate feeding trials were performed using cultured live food items.     


Methodology: Newborn H. kuda derived from the wild broodstock were reared in the captive conditions using different feeding regimes consisting of rotifers, Artemia and/or copepods Oithona simplex. The survival rate and growth performance were determined.      


Results: In the first experiment, despite consumption of both rotifers and Artemia, a total mortality was observed among seahorses on 3rd and 5th day-after-birth (DAB), when only rotifers or Artemia were provided, respectively. Seahorses fed the mixed live foods have 60% survival with 6.3% per day specific growth rate (SGR). In the second experiment, the introduction of copepods had further improved the SGR of H. kuda to 8.1% d-1 compared to 6.8% d-1 without copepods, although the survival was similar.


Interpretation: Overall, the results indicated that in terms of survival, a feeding regime consisting of a rotifer and Artemia nauplii mixture was suitable for H. kuda juveniles during the first 10 days. To enhance growth, copepods O. simplex should be included in its diet since this live food was superior over enriched Artemia metanauplii. These findings are important to further develop an optimum feeding regime from reliable source of live foods for early culture of H. kuda.




Copyright 2018 Triveni Enterprises. All rights reserved. No part of the Journal can be reproduced in any form without prior permission. Responsibility regarding the authenticity of the data, and the acceptability of the conclusions enforced or derived, rest completely with the author(s).