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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Jan 2018, 39 (1)                                                                                                             Back



nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Studies on the effect of day time application of

herbicide mesosulfuron-methyl on soil microbial communities

of wheat rhizosphere

 

A. Singh1*, M.L. Kewat1 and S. Sondhia2

1Department of Agronomy, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur-482 004, India

2ICAR-Directorate of Weed Research, Jabalpur-482 004, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: ashasinghrajpoot@gmail.com

 

 

 

Key words

Mesosulfuron-methyl

Microbial population

Wheat rhizosphere

 

 

 

Publication Data

Paper received : 07.01.2017

Revised received : 08.03.2017

Re-revised received : 16.07.2017

Accepted : 04.08.2017

 

Abstract

Aim: Mesosulfuron-methyl is one of the post emergence sulfonylurea herbicides and biotransformation is major process for its degradation. Persistence of mesosulfuron-methyl in soil mainly depends on temperature and microbial population. When herbicide is applied at different time of a day, it is exposed to different soil environmental factors. This interaction of mesosulfuron-methyl with soil environmental factors may affect microbial population differentially. Hence, the main objective of the study was to find how the day time application of mesosulfuron-methyl at different doses affects the microbial population of wheat rhizosphere.

 

Methodology: Five weed control treatments, comprising of three doses of mesosulfuron-methyl (10.0, 11.5 and 12.0 g ha-1) including one hand weeding and weedy check as main plot treatments, were superimposed with three day times of herbicide application (8 a.m., 12 p.m. and 6 p.m.) as sub plot treatments and laidout in split plot design with four replications. Soil sample were collected at 5, 10, 30 and 80 days after herbicide application. The developed colonies were counted using serial dilution plate count technique and expressed as colony forming units (cfu) per gram dry soil.

 

Results: Bacterial population was significantly (14.20 and 16.14%) higher under 12 g ha-1 mesosulfuron-methyl application over unweeded check at 10 and 30 days after, respectively. However, competition with dominant bacterial population and toxic effect of herbicide immediately after application inhibited fungal and actinomycete species. But with time, adapted fungal population was increased to 24.77 and 58.13% under 11.5 g ha-1, and 28.77 and 73.40% under12.0 g ha-1 application at 30 and 80 days after application, respectively, over 10 days after application. While, the population of actinomycetes and Azotobactor was ever less under mesosulfuron-methyl in comparison to non-herbicidal treatments. However, fungal and actinomycetes population survived successfully in case of mesosulfuron application during noon hours even at higher doses due to less residue in soil.

 

Interpretation: Population of Azotobactor and actinomycetes (up to 80 days) as well as fungi (upto 10 days) was affected due to mesosulfuron doses except bacteria. Similarly, fungal and actinomycetes population was affected identically due to morning and evening application of mesosulfuron. On the contrary bacterial and Azotobactor population did not vary.

 

 

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