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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Sep 2017, 38 (5)                                                                                                             Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Application of visible and near infrared reflectance spectroscopy to predict total nitrogen in soil


Z. Tümsavaş

Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture, Uludag University, Bursa, 16059, Turkey

*Corresponding Author E-mail:




Key words

PLSR analysis,

Soil properties,

Total nitrogen,

Vis-NIR Spectroscopy




Publication Data

Paper received :   25.10.2016

Revised received : 25.06.2017                     

Accepted : 28.06.2017



Aim: The application and use of precision agriculture technologies targeting reduction in agricultural inputs are associated with various raw data and their assessment to create application maps. Yield mapping and soil mapping are the two basic agricultural application maps for variable-rate applications. Creation of high-resolution digital soil maps   requires high resolution information. The objective of this study was to predict total nitrogen in soil, using visible and near infrared (vis-NIR) reflectance spectroscopy, which is a new technology used for making fast and accurate measurements of physical and chemical properties of soil.


Methodology: A set of 140 surface soil (0-20 cm) samples was collected from cultivated land, fruit, and vegetable fields distributed over Bursa province (Turkey). The diffuse reflectance spectra of soil samples were examined for total nitrogen content. Partial least squares regression (PLSR) analysis with full cross-validation was performed to develop a model for total nitrogen.


Results: The prediction performance of the model produced 0.793 regression coefficient (R2), 0.0274% root mean square errors of prediction (RMSEP) and 2.0802 residual prediction deviations (RPD).


Interpretation: The results showed that the vis-NIR spectroscopy can be used to evaluate soil total nitrogen content. More research should be conducted to improve the model prediction of total nitrogen in soils with both high and low nitrogen content using vis-NIR reflectance spectroscopy.



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