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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Sep 2017, 38 (5)                                                                                                             Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Possibility of determining soil pH using visible and near-infrared

(Vis-NIR) spectrophotometry


Z. Tümsavaş

Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture, Uludag University, Bursa, 16059, Turkey

*Corresponding Author E-mail:




Key words

PLS regression analysis,


Soil pH,

Vis-NIR spectrophotometry




Publication Data

Paper received : 12.09.2016

Revised received : 25.06.2017

Accepted : 27.06.2017



Aim: The present study was conducted to investigate possibility of using fiber-optic visible and near-infrared (Vis-NIR) spectrophotometry for determining soil pH.


Methodology: Diffuse reflectance spectra of 272 soil samples taken at a depth of 0-20 cm from cultivation soil in Bursa Province, Turkey, were measured in the laboratory to determine soil pH. Before apartial least square (PLS) analysis of the reflectance spectra values was conducted, all of them were randomly split into calibration (70%) and validation (30%) sets. A model for the prediction of soil pH from reflectance spectra values obtained from spectrophotometry was established using PLS regression analyses with full cross-validation.


Results: The regression value (R2), root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) and residual prediction deviation (RPD) of established model were found to be 0.69, 0.70%, and1.413,respectively.


Interpretation: The results demonstrated a moderate level of success for the model in predicting soil pH.



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