change of land use in the Protection Basin of
Dam (1990-2015), (Izmir, Turkey)
Gülersoy1* and M.A. Çelik2
Social Studies, Buca Faculty of Education, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir,
Geography, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Kilis 7 Aralik University, Kilis
Author E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Paper received : 18.10.2016
Revised received : 20.06.2017
Accepted : 27.06.2017
Aim: The present study
was carried out evaluate the temporal changes of land use in the Protection
Basin of Tahtalı Dam in terms of sustainable use of natural resources
through 1990 and 2015.
the study, Lands at TM satellite image dated 06.08.1990 with spatial
resolution of 15 km and Lands at OLI satellite image dated 06.08.2015 were
used in order to determine conditions of land use through the year 1990 and
a 12% decrease in cropland areas and 1.4% in forests-maquis-garrigues, a 119%
increase in water surfaces, 34% in residential areas and 17539% in greenhouse
areas occurred through 1990-2015 in the Protection Basin of Tahtalı Dam.
There was a mismatch between the land capability classes and their use. The
said situation had resulted in some disadvantages. As a matter of fact,
severe erosion which was seen at the part of 54% of the basin has the impact
on lands which are inclined and devoid of natural vegetation cover. There was
an increase stemming from domestic and industrial wastes in parameters for
chemical oxygen demand and biological oxygen demand in the basin. As a result
of land degradation and erosion, nearly 25% of lands of the basin have become
unusable losing their natural characteristics.
Interpretation: In order to
prevent degradation, erosion and pollution, soils should be used according to
the land capability classes. Cooperativation should be encouraged for a
continuous and planned marketing in the basin, and alternative sustainable
economic activities should be promoted. Furthermore, basin protection
activities should be formed by an interdisciplinary understanding and
collaboration should be established among local people.
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