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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Sep 2017, 38 (5)                                                                                                             Back



nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Determination of sensitive biotopes using GIS: A case study in Mediterranean coastal region

 

A.G. G?rkan1* and S. Kayık?ı2

1Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay, 31070, Turkey

2Antakya Nature, Art & Tourism Association, 31070, Turkey

*Corresponding Author E-mail: aysgmansur@hotmail.com

 

 

 

Key words

Biotope mapping,

Coastal zone,

Geographic information system,

Sensitive biotopes

 

 

 

Publication Data

Paper received : 25.07.2016?????????????????? Revised received : 16.05.2017?????????????????? ???Accepted : 26.06.2017

 

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the study was to analyze biotopes sensitivity in Samandağ coastal zone in Mediterranean coastal region of Turkey. The study was carried out to map the biotopes using object-oriented classification and to determine sensitivity of these biotopes using rareness and re-establishment ability.

 

Methodology: The study was performed with the help of remote sensing and geographic information system in three stages, i.e., obtaining data, creating map of biotopes using object-oriented classification using ALOS AVNIR imagery assisted with field verification and determination of biotope sensitivity to human disturbance. The sensitivity assessment was based on two parameters, i.e., rareness and re-establishment ability of biotopes.

 

Results: As a result of classification, biotope types were divided as cultural areas and semi-natural areas. Cultural areas; commercial area, settlement (garden houses, multi-story), protected area, agriculture (annual), horticulture, semi-natural areas; forest, bare rock, coastal dunes, dry streambed, river banks, meadow, shrubs, wetland meadow. The results showed that the majority of biotopes in Samandağ coastal zone were either very sensitive or sensitive to human disturbance. Agricultural activities and construction on the coastal zone have threatened the wildlife, especially species of Caretta caretta and Chelonia mydas and some of the endangered plants.

 

Interpretation: The wise use of coastal resources and reduction of anthropogenic pressure is possible through planning based on ecological data integrated of social and economic system. only the comprehensive plan of action could help to protect these dunes.

 

 

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