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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Jul 2017, 38 (4)                                                                                                             Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Analysis of heavy metals in the surface sediments of shallow lakes in Nanjishan (Poyang Lake) Natural Wetland in China


J. Yong1*, Z. Jie1, 2, 3, Z. Liwei4, L. Xiaoli1, 5, W. Dingding1, L. Jiali1 and L. Jing1, 3

1School of Hydraulic and Ecological Engineering, Nanchang Institute of Technology, Nanchang-330099, China

2College of Environmental, Hohai University, Nanjing-210098, China

3Key Laboratory of Water Science and Engineering, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, Nanjing- 210029, China

4JiangXi Water Resources Institute, Nanchang-330013, China

5Water Resource and Eco-system Environmental Research Center for Poyang Lake, Nanchang- 330029, China

*Corresponding Author E-mail:



Key words

Ecological risk assessment,

Heavy metals,

Lake Poyang,

Nanjishan wetlands,

Surface sediments




Publication Data

Paper received : 26.02.2016

Revised received : 05.08.2016

Re-revised received : 04.11.2016

Accepted : 07.01.2017



Aim: The land between aquatic and terrestrial systems is defined as wetland where heavy metals accumulate and deposit in sediments more easily due to natural as well as anthropogenic activities. The main objective of the present study was to investigate the distribution characteristics, pollution degree and potential source of heavy metals in the surface sediments of Nanjishan Wetland Nature Reserve.


Methodology: Surface sediments samples from three representative shallow lakes (Lake Nanshen, Lake Dong and Lake Chang) were collected, and heavy metals were estimated in terms of content characteristics, spatial features and correlations. Integrated pollution indexs (PI and IPI), geoaccumulation indices (Igeo) combined with geostatistical methods were used to calculate the degree of heavy metals, evaluate the ecosystem risks and identify the potential sources.


Results: Indicators like PI, IPI and Igeo indicated that heavy metals in research areas exist widely and were mainly dominated by Zn, Pb, Cd and Cr at higher concentration than the permissible limit standards. Statistical analysis revealed two main sources of pollutants; first due to discharge of mixed-origin domestic wastewater emissions and other due to terrigenous sediments.


Interpretation: Human activities, such as traffic, aquaculture, municipal and industrial wastewater and hydrological exchange can significantly influence the spatial variation of heavy metals in wetlands.



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