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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Jul 2017, 38 (4)                                                                                                             Back



nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Bioprospecting the fungicides compatible Trichoderma asperellum isolate effective against multiple plant pathogens in vitro

 

M. Manjunath1*, A. Singh1, A. N. Tripathi1, R. Prasanna2, A.B. Rai1 and B. Singh1

1Division of Crop Protection, ICAR- Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi-221 305, India

2Division of Microbiology, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi-110 012, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: manjumbl@gmail.com

 

 

Key words

Biocontrol agent,

Fungicides,

ITS Primers,

Phytopathogenic fungi ,

Trichoderma

 

 

 

Publication Data

Paper received : 27.04.2016

Revised received : 16.08.2016

Re-revised received : 15.11.2016

Accepted : 01.12.2016

 

Abstract

Aim: It is essential to develop an efficient ecofriendly disease management programme which helps in gradual reduction in use of harmful chemicals. The objective of the study was to isolate, purify and identify Trichoderma isolate from diseased plant tissues and to identify its compatibility with commonly used fungicides for the eco-friendly management of vegetable diseases.

 

Methodology: Trichoderma asperellum was isolated from Sclerotinia sclerotiorum infected stem tissues of pea on potato dextrose agar. The morphological, cultural characteristics and molecular identification of Trichoderma asperellum was carried out using ITS primers. In vitro antagonistic efficiency of Trichoderma asperellum was studied against phytopathogenic fungi viz., Pythium aphanidermatum, Pythium debaryanum, Sclerotium rolfsii Sr1, Sclerotium rolfsii Sr3, Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici? and Alternaria solani.

 

Results: The nucleotide sequence of amplified ITS region was deposited at Genbank (NCBI) with accession no. KT824429. The highest mycelial inhibition values of 43.57, 38.16, 42.56 and 54.87% were obtained for Pythium aphanidermatum, P. debaryanum, Sclerotium rolfsii Sr1 and Sclerotium rolfsii Sr3, respectively, after 6 days of T. asperellum inoculation. T. asperellum exhibited 100% compatibility with Mancozeb, Azoxystrobin, Cymoxinil+Mancozeb, Metalxyl+Mancozeb at 100, 200 and 300 ppm.? The per cent compatibility of 98.15, 74.82 and 50.38 with Carbendazim at 100, 200 and 300 ppm was also recorded.

 

Interpretation: These studies established the aggressive nature of the isolate and its suitability in integrated disease management practices

 

 

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