JEB logo

Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

About Journal
    Editorial Board
    Reviewer Panel
    RnD Division
    Subscription Info
    Contact Journal
Read Journal
    Current Issue
    Journal Archives
For Authors
    Authoring Guidelines
    Publication Process
    Track Paper Status

Search the Journal web-site through Google:

        Abstract - Issue Jul 2017, 38 (4)                                                                                                             Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Effect of cassava waste on bioremediation of

nitrogenous metabolites and shrimp growth


N. Lalitha*, M. Muralidhar, R. Saraswathy, P. Kumararaja and A. Nagavel

Aquatic Animal Health and Environment Division, ICAR - Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture, Chennai-600 028, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail:




Key words


Cassava waste,

Cassava starch,

Shrimp aquaculture




Publication Data

Paper received : 09.09.2015

Revised received : 29.02.2016

Re-revised received : 30.07.2016

Accepted : 09.11.2016



Aim: Locally available cheap carbon sources, cassava waste and cassava starch, were tested for their efficiency in decreasing the nitrogenous metabolites, resulting due to accumulation of uneaten feed and excreta at the pond bottom during intensive shrimp aquaculture.


Methodology: Yard experiment was carried out in 500 l Fibre reinforced plastic (FRP) tanks for a period of 105 days with four treatments viz., cassava waste, cassava starch, cassava waste+ cassava starch and control, replicated thrice and statistically randomized with Tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon (1.71 g). The following water quality parameters pH, salinity, dissolved oxygen (DO), total ammonia nitrogen (TAN), nitrite nitrogen (NO2-N); microbial parameters in water and sediment total heterotrophic bacteria count (THBC) and total vibrio count (TVC); proximate composition, fibre fractionation, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and sulphur content in cassava waste and cassava starch were analyzed. The growth of shrimp was also studied.


Results: Shrimp growth was significantly high (p≤0.05) in cassava waste (11.12 g) treatment followed by cassava starch (10.4 g), cassava waste + cassava starch (9.8 g) and control (8.02 g) at the end of the experiment. Cassava waste, cassava starch and combination of both significantly decreased the concentration of metabolites and had high heterotrophic bacterial population and low total vibrio count compared to control.  


Interpretation: It was concluded that addition of cassava waste had positive effect on bioremediation of nitrogenous metabolites, enhancing the growth of shrimp.



Copyright 2017 Triveni Enterprises. All rights reserved. No part of the Journal can be reproduced in any form without prior permission. Responsibility regarding the authenticity of the data, and the acceptability of the conclusions enforced or derived, rest completely with the author(s).