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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue May 2017, 38 (3)                                     Back


nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

A preliminary study on the antimicrobial activity

of marine actinomycetes

 

P. Dhevagi1*, A. Brundha2, K. Geetha2 , R. Gobu2 , K.A.A. Manju2 and E. Poorani3

1Department of Environmental Sciences, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore -641 003, India

2Department of Environmental Sciences, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-641 003, India

3Department of Biotechnology, Government College of Technology, Coimbatore-641 013, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: devagisivaraj@gmail.com  

 

 

 

Key words

Antimicrobials,

Coastal sediments,

Marine actinomycetes

 

 

Publication Data

Paper received : 09.02.2016

Revised received : 18.06.2016

Re-revised received : 10.09.2016

Accepted : 09.11.2016

 

Abstract

Aim: Marine actinomycetes are considered as an unexplored source of metabolites with novel properties. During the past few years, the studies on marine actinomycetes highlighted their potential as source of numerous antibiotics. An experimental study was planned to harness the potential of marine actinomycetes as a source of bioactive compounds to control plant diseases.

 

Methodology: Sediment samples from Thoothukudi coastal ecosystem were collected and analyzed for biological properties. The isolates with different morphological characteristics were selected and about 108 isolates were subjected to cross streak method of screening against fungal cultures like Pyriculariae oryzae, Aspergillus niger, Fusarium solani, Trichoderma, and Macrophomina sp and bacterial strains like Bacillus cereus, Erwinia carotovora, Serratia sp., Flavobacterium sp and Pseudomonas fluorescens.  Solvent extract of isolates producing significant zone of inhibition were screened against plant pathogens. 

 

Results: Many isolates produced an inhibition zone of 2 to > 10mm against the fungal and bacterial cultures. The isolate TS3 obtained from TS sediments showed more than 10 mm inhibition zone against Erwinia caratovora, Pyriculariae oryzae, Aspergillus niger and Trichoderma. The isolates which showed more than 10 mm antifungal and antibacterial activity were selected for further screening. Ehtylacetate extract of RPS5 showed an inhibition zone of 9 to 14 mm and 18 to 22 mm, respectively, against bacterial and fungal pathogens. Similarly, HCS 6 isolates showed an inhibition zone of 9 to 12 mm against bacterial pathogens and 16 to 22 mm inhibition zone, respectively, against fungal pathogens.     

 

Interpretation: Considering the environmental impacts of chemical fungicides, control of pathogens through biological means helps to overcome the worsening problem caused by  chemicals. The solvent extract of RPS 5 and HCS 6 isolates showed significant reduction in the growth of pathogenic organisms, which paves way for commercial exploitation of the isolates to control plant pathogens. 

 

 

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