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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Nov 2016, 37 (6)                                                                                                             Back



nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Antimicrobial activity and molecular identification of Streptomyces strains isolated from Saudi Arabia

 

Islem Abid1*, Ranaa Mujamammi1 and Muneera D.F. Alkahtani2

1Botany and Microbiology Department, Science College, King Saud University, Diraiya, P.O. Box 2454, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia

2Faculty of Sciences, Prince Nora University Saudi Arabia, P.O. Box 102275 Riyadh, 11675, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author E-mail: iabid@ksu.edu.sa

 

 

Publication Data

Paper received:

19 October 2015

 

 

Revised received:

03 January 2016

 

 

Re-revised received:

02 February 2016

 

 

Accepted:

19 March 2016

 

Abstract

Actinomycetes are group of Gram-positive bacteria with high GC-content in their DNA. They are extremely useful for the pharmaceutical industry due to their seemingly unlimited capacity to produce secondary metabolites with diverse biological activities and chemical structure. The genus Streptomyces constitutes 50% of the total population of soil actinomycetes and about 75% of commercially and medicinally useful antibiotics that have been derived from this genus. The present study aimed in isolation of bioactive compound showing antimicrobial activities from soil Streptomyces, previously isolated and morphologically characterized from Jazan in Saudi Arabia. Six potent Streptomyces strains: JS3, JS4, JS6, JD7, JA8 and JA10 were chosen for antimicrobial activity screening against 5 human pathogenic bacteria and 5 phytopathogenic fungi before molecular identification was done. For antibacterial activity, the results showed that inhibition zones were found to range between 3.25-26.875 mm diameters, while for antifungal activity, it ranged between 13.3-40 mm diameters. The entire sequence of the 16S rDNA was determined for the strains JS6, JD7, JA8 and JA10 and deposited in the GenBank. Future studies of actinomycetes isolated from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's soils will assist in the discovery of new compounds that would be of industrial, pharmaceutical and agricultural importance. 

 

 Key words

 

Antibacterial activity, Antifungal activity, 16S rDNA sequence analysis, Streptomyces

 

 

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