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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Sep 2016, 37 (5)                                     Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Geographical distribution of persistent organic pollutants in the environment: A review


Samavia Batool1, Sharifah Ab Rashid2, Mohd. Jamil Maah2, Maliha Sarfraz3 and Muhammad Aqeel Ashraf4,5

1Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya-50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya-50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

3Institute of Pharmacy, Physiology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Agriculture-38040 Faisalabad, Pakistan

4Faculty of Science and Natural Resources, University Malaysia Sabah-88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

5Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Environmental Studies, China University of Geosciences-430074 Wuhan, P. R. China

*Corresponding Author E-mail:


 Publication Data

Paper received:

21 February 2016


Revised received:

27 April 2016


Re-revised received:

5 May 2016



23 June 2016



The sources, distribution, transformation, toxicity and accumulation of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems have attracted global concern and attention over the last several decades. Although, POPs are toxic, degrade slowly and have a tendency to accumulate in the food chain, they are still widely used worldwide in many fields, such as industrial and agricultural activities. In addition, discharge of POPs into waterways may lead to serious health-related and environmental problems. This review provides an overview of the continental distributions of many types of POPs and the health risks associated with the exposure to POPs in daily life. This review also discusses the distribution of POPs in Malaysia, and the future work that will be conducted in the Klang River, one of the basins subjected to pollution due to development and urbanization.   



 Key words

Classification, Dispersal, Geographic distribution, Impacts, POPs, Remediation



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