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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Nov 2015, 36 (6)                                                                                                             Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Isolation and characterization of luminescent bacterium

for sludge biodegradation


Maryam Zahaba1,2, Mohd. Izuan Effendi Halmi1, Siti Aqlima Ahmad1*, Mohd. Yunus Shukor1 and Mohd. Arif Syed1


1Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

2Department of Chemistry, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Jalan Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah, Indera Mahkota, 25200 Kuantan, Pahang Malaysia

*Corresponding author E-mail :




  Publication Data

Paper received:

14 November 2013


Revised received:

09 May 2014



08 December 2014



Microtox is based on the inhibition of luminescence of the bacterium Vibrio fischeri by the toxicants. This technique has been accepted by the USEPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency) as a biomonitoring tool for remediation of toxicants such as hydrocarbon sludge. In the present study, a luminescent bacterium was isolated from yellow striped scad (Selaroides leptolepis) and was tentatively identified as Vibrio sp. isolate MZ. This aerobic isolate showed high luminescence activity in a broad range of temperature from 25 to 35 C. In addition, optimal conditions for high bioluminescence activity in range of pH 7.5 to 8.5 and 10 gl-1 of sodium chloride, 10 gl-1 of peptone and 10 gl-1 of sucrose as carbon source. Bench scale biodegradation 1% sludge (w/v) was set up and degradation was determined using gas chromatography with flame ionised detector (GC-FID). In this study, Rhodococcus sp. strain AQ5NOL2 was used to degrade the sludge. Based on the preliminary results obtained, Vibrio sp. isolate MZ was able to monitor the biodegradation of sludge. Therefore, Vibrio sp. isolate MZ has the potential to be used as a biomonitoring agent for biomonitoring of sludge biodegradation particularly in the tropical ranged environment.   



 Key words


Bioassay, Biodegradation, Isolation, Sludge, Tropics, Vibrio sp. 



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