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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Sep 2015, 36 (5)                                                                                                             Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Analysis of release cutting effects on increment and growth in

Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) stand


Zafer Yücesan1*,     Sevilay Özçelik2 and Ercan Oktan1

1Karadeniz Technical University, Faculty of Forestry, Trabzon, 61080, Turkey

2General Directorate of Combating to Desertification and Erosion Control, Ankara,  06510, Turkey

*Corresponding Author E-mail:



  Publication Data

Paper received:

26 November 2013


Revised received:

03 June 2014


Re-revised received:

26 September 2014



08 December 2014



In the present study, the effects of release cuttings on stand structures and increment and growth relations were investigated in afforested oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) stands. To maximize spatial variation in dataset, stratified random sampling was used to layout transects. 24 sampling plots were determined which reflects average characteristics of actual stand structure. 8 sampling plots were selected from unthinned stands, 8 sampling plots were selected from lightly thinned (19% of the total basal area removed) stand and 8 sampling plots were selected from heavily thinned (40% of the total basal area removed) stand. Light thinning was done in the year 2008 and heavy thinning in 2009. Stem analyses were carried out and pre- and post-treatment height, diameter, basal area and volume increments were examined according to thinning intensities. Obtained results showed that removal of 40% of the basal area does not contribute to stand increment and growth more positively than those in stands treated by removal of 19% of the basal area. Expected increase in height and diameter increment did not occurr post-treatment in 2008 and 2009. However, in only lightly thinned stands mean basal area increment increased after treatment. Release cuttings in beech stand needs to be practiced at least twice every 5 to 6 years, provided that peculiar characteristics of every habitat are considered.   



 Key words

Increment and growth, Oriental beech, Release cutting 



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