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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Sep 2015, 36 (5)                                                                                                             Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Phytoremediation potential of Cd and Zn by wetland plants,

Colocasia esculenta L. Schott., Cyperus malaccensis Lam., and

Typha angustifolia L. grown in hydroponics


P. Chayapan1, M. Kruatrachue1,2*, M. Meetam1 and P. Pokethitiyook1

1Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Rama 6 Road, Bangkok 10400, Thailand

2Mahidol University International College, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand

*Corresponding Author E-mail:



Publication Data

Paper received:

11 March 2014


Revised received:

07 October 2014


Re-revised received:

05 January 2015



20 March 2015



Cadmium and zinc phytoremediation potential of wetland plants, Colocasia esculenta, Cyperus malaccensis, and Typha angustifolia, was investigated. Plants were grown for 15 days in nutrient solutions containing various concentrations of Cd (0, 5, 10, 20, 50 mg l-1) and Zn (0, 10, 20, 50, 100 mg l-1). T. angustifolia was tolerant to both metals as indicated by high RGR when grown in 50 mg l-1 Cd and 100 mg l-1 Zn solutions. All these plants accumulated more metals in their underground parts and > 100 mg kg-1 in their aboveground with TF values < 1. Only C. esculenta could be considered a Zn hyperaccumulator because it could concentrate > 10,000 mg kg-1 in its aboveground parts with TF > 1. T. angustifolia exhibited highest biomass production and highest Cd and Zn uptake, confirming that this plant is a suitable candidate for treating of Cd contaminated soil/sediments.    



 Key words

Cadmium, Colocasia esculenta, Cyperus malaccensis, Typha angustifolia, Zinc



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