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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Jan 2015, 36 (1)                                     Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Bioaccumulation of heavy metals by the leaves of Robinia pseudoacacia as a bioindicator tree in industrial zones




Nikolina Tzvetkova1* and Krassimira Petkova2

1Department of Dendrology, Faculty of Forestry, University of Forestry, Sofia, 1756, Bulgaria

2Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry, University of Forestry, Sofia, 1756, Bulgaria

*Corresponding Authors Email :




 Publication Data

Paper received:

05 July 2013


Revised received:

10 November 2013


Re-revised received:

18 June 2014



22 September 2014



The study is a part of research project on using short rotation plantations in biomass production. The aim of this investigation was to determine the accumulation characteristics of Robinia pseudoacacia leaves as a biomonitor of heavy-metal pollution in the industrial regions in Bulgaria. The study was carried out in 25-year-old plantations located in close vicinity of industrial area Devnia, Eastern Bulgaria. Devnia is a zone, highly contaminated by cement factories, nitrogen fertilizers and polyvinylchloride factories. Controls were similarly aged plantations on a background area 15 km away from the emission sources. The concentration of nutrients and heavy metals in the leaves of damaged and control plants were investigated. Decreased levels of total nitrogen (6 %), total phosphorous (11 %), potassium (36 %) and magnesium (3 %) were detected in September for polluted trees as compared to control trees. Lead content (30.7 mg kg-1) was 1.38 times higher as compared to control, whereas accumulation of zinc (19.0 mg kg-1) about 1.37 times more than control. An excessive accumulation of copper in the leaves collected from the polluted area (17.2 mg kg-1) was 2.15 times higher than control. The concentrations of Pb, Zn and Cu in the contaminated soil under black locust plantation were 38.2, 77.4 and 101.3 mg kg-1, respectively. Our results showed that the leaves of R. pseudoacacia accumulated Pb, Zn and Cu in parallelity with their increase in the contaminated soil. R. pseudoacacia may be considered as a good biomonitor of soil pollution especially with Cu, and at lower extent for Pb and Zn in the industrial region of Devnia. ? 



 Key words


Biomonitoring, Heavy metal pollution, Remediation, Robinia pseudoacacia




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