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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Jan 2015, 36 (1)                                     Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Ecology, anatomy and morphology of Orchis spitzelii in Turkey



Cenk Durmuşkahya1, Yurdanur? Akyol2 and Canan ?zdemir3

1Izmir Katip Celebi University, Faculty of Forestry, Forest Engineering Department, İzmir, 35620, Turkey

2Manisa Technical and Industrial Vocational High School, Manisa, 45010, Turkey

3Celal Bayar University, Science and Art Faculty, Biology Department, Muradiye, 45140, Manisa, Turkey

*Corresponding Author E-mail:



 Publication Data

Paper received:

19 October 2013


Revised received:

15 December 2013


Re-revised received:

18 June 2014



22 September 2014



In the present study reveals the morphological, anatomical and ecological characteristic of Orchis spitzelii in Turkey. Plant materials of Orchis spitzelii were collected from 17 different population, between 2010-2013 in Turkey. Orchis spitzelii samples were analyzed for 19 morphological, 20 anatomical and 18 soil characters and habitat properties. As a result, the minimum length of plant was 200 mm and maximum 500 mm, minimum length of underground part was 25 mm and maximum 94 mm. Number of leaves varied between 3-9. According to habitat definition, Orchis spitzelii grew up to 500 m to 2100 m. Also, Pinus nigra forests and glades were most common habitat of Orchis spitzelii, found generally over calcareous soils.


 Key words

Orchis spitzelii, Ecology, Anatomy, Morphology




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