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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Jan 2015, 36 (1)                                     Back


nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Medical aspects of atmosphere pollution in Tbilisi, Georgia

 

 

Lamzira Lagidze1*,? Lia Matchavariani2, Nodar Tsivtsivadze3, Nargiz Khidasheli3, Nino Paichadze4,

Nargiz Motsonelidze3 and Maia Vakhtangishvili1

1Department of Hydrometeorology, Faculty of Exact & Natural Sciences, Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, 0179, Georgia

2Department of Soil Geography, Faculty of Exact & Natural Sciences, Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, 0179, Georgia

3Lab of Hydromechanics & Ocenology, Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, 0179, Georgia

?4Department of Nature Management, Faculty of Exact & Natural Sciences, Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, 0179, Georgia

*Corresponding Authors Email : lagidze_l@rocketmail.com

 

 

 

 Publication Data

Paper received:

05 July 2013

 

Revised received:

29 October 2013

 

Re-revised received:

18 June 2014

 

Accepted:

22 September 2014

 

Abstract

Climate change and its impact on ecosystems is one of the main problem of 21st century. Increase in green house gas in the atmosphere was regarded as an important cause. Atmospheric composition had significantly changed due to intensive technogenic pollution.? Increase in aerosol (solid, liquid and gas) concentration had serious impact on human health and raised the level of risk factors for longevity of life.? Despite, global character of climatic change and its intensity in numerous ways was influenced by local specificity of regions, their geographical location and meteorological factors. A study on the atmospheric quality (quantitative and percentage estimation of aerosols) of Georgia was carried out. Also the assessment of impact of meteorological and ecological conditions on human health was made for Tbilisi city. A relation between contaminants and meteorological factors was evaluated, particularly gas pollutants were strongly correlated with each other due to their photochemical activity; positive correlation (0.65; 0.69) between air temperature and pollutants. All the contaminants showed negative correlation with relative humidity, due to hydrolyzing ability. On the basis of multi-factorial statistical analysis, correlation between ambulance call, weather type, atmosphere pollution index, change in ground ozone quantity and earth magnetic field were determined. Atmospheric pollution due to dust, carbon, sulfur and nitrogen oxides, ground ozone quantity in Tbilisi significantly exceeded maximum permissible level, that effected human health.   

 

 

 Key words

 

Climate change, Green-house gases, Human health, Meteorological factors, Tbilisi

 

 

 

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