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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Jan 2015, 36 (1)                                     Back


nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Investigation of grapevine photosynthesis using hyperspectral techniques and development of hyperspectral band ratio indices sensitive to photosynthesis

 

 

Emre Ozelkan1*, Muhittin Karaman2, Serkan Candar3, Zafer Coskun3 and Cankut Ormeci4

1Agricultural and Environmental Informatics Research and Application Center, Istanbul Technical University, 34469, Istanbul, Turkey

2Geochemistry Research Group and Jal Laboratories, Department of Geological Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, 34469, Istanbul, Turkey

3Department of Cultivation Techniques,Tekirdağ Viticultural Research Station,59100, Tekirdag, Turkey

4Department of Geomatics Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, 34469, Istanbul, Turkey

*Corresponding Author E-mail: emreozelkan@itu.edu.tr

 

 

 

 Publication Data

Paper received:

11 July 2013

 

Revised received:

20 November 2013

 

Re-revised received:

18 June 2014

 

Accepted:

22 September 2014

 

Abstract

The photosynthetic rate of 9 different grapevines were analyzed with simultaneous photosynthesis and spectroradiometric measurements on 08.08.2012 (veraison) and 06.09.2012 (harvest). The wavelengths and spectral regions, which most properly express photosynthetic rate, were determined using correlation and regression analysis. In addition, hyperspectral band ratio (BR) indices sensitive to photosynthesis were developed using optimum band ratio (OBRA) method. The relation of BR results with photosynthesis values are presented with the correlation matrix maps created in this study. The examinations were performed for both specific dates (i.e. veraison and harvest) and also in aggregate (i.e. correlation between total spectra and photosynthesis data). For specific dates wavelength based analysis, the photosynthesis were best determined with -0.929 correlation coefficient (r) 609 nm of yellow region at veraison stage, and -0.870 r at 641 nm of red region at harvest stage. For wavelength based aggregate analysis, 640 nm of red region was found to be correlated with 0.921 and -0.867 r values respectively and red edge (RE) (695 nm) was found to be correlated with -0.922 and -0.860 r values, respectively. When BR indices results were analyzed with photosynthetic values for specific dates, -0.987 r with R696/R944 at veraison stage and -0.911 r with R648/R715 at harvest stage were found most correlated. For aggregate analysis of BR, common BR presenting great correlation with photosynthesis for both measurements was found to be R632/R971 with -0.974, -0.881 r values, respectively and other R610/R760 with -0.976, -0.879 r values. The final results of this study indicate that the proportion of RE region to a region with direct or indirect correlation with photosynthetic provides information about rate of photosynthesis. With the indices created in this study, the photosynthesis rate of vineyards can be determined using in-situ hyperspectral remote sensing. The findings of this study would enable cost-efficient, rapid and effective control of viticulture activities.   

 

 

 Key words

 

Grapevine, Photosynthesis, Hyperspectral reflectance, Optimum band ratio, Correlation matrix map

 

 

 

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