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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Jan 2015, 36 (1)                                                                                                             Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Tidal variation of phytoplankton in the coastal waters of

South Andaman, India


Arindam Chakraborty1,2*, Gadi Padmavati2 and Amit K. Ghosh1

1Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, Lucknow-226 007, India

2Department of Ocean Studies and Marine Biology, Pondicherry University, Port Blair-744 112, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail:




 Publication Data

Paper received:

07 October 2013


Revised received:

26 February 2014



24 March 2014



Tidal variations of phytoplankton were studied at two stations i.e., Station 1 (Science Centre) and Station 2 (Junglighat Bay) during the period of December 2010 to February 2011 in the coastal waters of South Andaman Islands, India. Phytoplankton biomass (Chlorophyll-a) was observed low (avg. 0.02- 0.1 mg m-3) at the stations during the sampling period. Low values of dissolved oxygen and biochemical oxygen demand were recorded during low tide. In all 114 species belonging to 42 genera of diatoms, 16 genera of dinoflagellates and 4 genera of cyanobacteria were identified. Phytoplankton population density ranged from 827cells l-1 to 11,790 cells l-1 and was high during high tide in comparison to low tide. Diatoms were dominant (70.86−88.0%) and contributed more towards phytoplankton biomass followed by dinoflagellates (10.8−19.53%) and cyanobacteria (0.73−9.4%). Dinoflagellates were visualised more in the samples when diatom population had declined. Diversity indices such as species diversity (H′) ranged from 0.68−3.1; species richness (d) varied from 2.18−6.54 and Pielou's evenness (J) ranged from 0.24−0.94. H′ was more during high tide than at low tide at Station 2. On the other hand, low diversity and equitability in phytoplankton population were observed at Station 1 during the month of January, 2011. It may be due to dominance of mono specific cells of Rhizosolenia sp. The study indicates low production of phytoplankton in coastal waters. Variation of tides may leave implications on sampling, because it has an influence on species diversity and proportion of specific micro algal groups at different times.  


 Key words

Andaman, Diversity, Phytoplankton, Tidal variation




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