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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Jul 2014, 35 (4)                                                                                                             Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Alterations of biochemical indicators in hepatopancreas of the golden apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata, from paddy fields in Taiwan


Yuh-Wen Chiu1, Jui-Pin Wu2, Tsung-Chih Hsieh3, Shih-Hsiung Liang4, Chien-Min Chen5 and Da-Ji Huang5*

1National Museum of Marine Biology and Aquarium, 2 Houwan Road, Checheng, Pingtung-944, Taiwan

2Environmental Toxicology Laboratory, Department of Geography, National Taiwan University, 1, Section 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei-106, Taiwan

3Department of Biomedical Science and Environmental Biology, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung-80701, Taiwan

4Department of Biotechnology, National Kaohsiung Normal University, 62, Shenjhong Rd., Yanchao Township, Kaohsiung City-824, Taiwan

5Department of Environmental Resources Management, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, Tainan-71710, Taiwan

*Corresponding Author E-mail:





Publication Data

Paper received:

04 February 2013


Revised received:

06 July 2013



16 August 2013



The freshwater golden apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata, is one of the world's 100 worst invasive alien species. The snails' wide distribution, high abundance, and sensitivity to environmental pollution make them a potential bioindicator for environmental contamination. In this study, the biochemical status of golden apple snails collected from paddy fields throughout the island of Taiwan was examined. This study found that the biochemical status of apple snails collected from paddy fields differed from that of animals bred and maintained in the laboratory. Furthermore, certain biochemical endpoints of the snails collected from the paddy fields before and after agricultural activities were also different–hemolymphatic vitellogenin protein was induced in male snail after exposure to estrogen-like chemicals, the hepatic monooxygenase (1.97±0.50 A650mm 30 min-1 mg-1 protein in control group) and glutathione S transferase (0.02±0.01 A340mm 30 min-1 mg-1 protein in control group) snails exposed to pesticides, as well as the hepatopancreatic levels of aspartate aminotransferase (450.00±59.40 U mg-1 mg-1 protein in control group) and alanine aminotransferase (233.27±42.09 U mg-1 mg-1 protein in control group) decreased the indicating that xenobiotics destroyed hepatopancreatic. The above findings reveal that apple snail could be used as a practical bioindicator to monitor anthropogenic environmental pollution.


 Key words


Agricultural activities, Biochemical status,  Bioindicator, Golden apple snail



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