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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Jan 2014, 35 (1)                                                                                                             Back



nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Effect of malathion on the demography of Daphnia pulex Leydig

and Diaphanosoma birgei Korinek (Cladocera)

 

Esmeralda Bravo-Hern?ndez1, S.S.S. Sarma2* and S. Nandini2

1Posgrado en Ciencias del Mar y Limnolog?a, Universidad Nacional Aut?noma de M?xico, Mexico City, 04510, Mexico

2Universidad Nacional Aut?noma de M?xico, Campus Iztacala. Av. De los Barrios #1, Col. Los Reyes Iztacala,

Tlanepantla. Estado de M?xico. C.P. 54090, Mexico

*Corresponding Author E-mail: ssssarma@gmail.com

 

 

 

 

 Publication Data

Paper received:

19 October 2012

 

Revised received:

20 July 2013

 

Accepted:

05 September 2013

 

Abstract

 

Malathion is a common pesticide used to control insects in agricultural, domestic and industrial sectors in different parts of the world. In this work we evaluated the effects of sublethal concentrations of malathion on the survivorship and reproductive variables of two cladoceran species Daphnia pulex and Diaphanosoma birgei using standard life table demography method. Based on preliminary tests, we selected four sub-lethal concentrations of malathion for each cladoceran species. For D. pulex, the malathion concentrations were 0. 225, 0.45, 0.9 and 1.8ng l-1 and for D. birgei, these were 0.0281, 0.0562, 0.1125, 0.225ng l-1.Our results showed that in general, Daphnia pulex was less sensitive than Diaphanosoma birgei to malathion. The average lifespan of Daphnia pulex in controls was about 19 days while under similar conditions, that of D. birgei was about 21 days. For either cladoceran species, increased pesticide concentration resulted in decreased survival; this was more evident in the treatment containing the highest concentration of malathion (0.225 ng l-1) for D. birgei. Fecundity of D. pulex and D. birgei also decreased with increase in the concentration of malathion. For a given cladoceran species, compared to controls, the gross reproductive, net reproductive rates and the population growth rate significantly decreased due to malathion. Compared to the survivorship variables (age-specific survival, life expectancy and average lifespan), the reproductive parameters (gross reproductive rate, net reproductive rate and the rate of population increase) of the two cladoceran species were decreased by the pesticide.

 

Key words

 

 

Life history, Lifespan, Pesticide, Zooplankton

 

 

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