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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Mar 2013, 34 (2)                                                                                                             Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Studies on the zooplankton biodiversity and density in

Adyar estuary, Chennai, India


A. Janakiraman, M.S. Naveed, P. Muthupriya, J. Sugumaran, M. Asrar Sheriff and K. Altaff*

Unit of Reproductive Biology and Live Feed Culture, Department of Zoology, The New College (Autonomous), Chennai-600 014, India

*Corresponding Author email :



Publication Data

Paper received:

31 December 2011


Revised received:

08 May 2012



26 July 2012



The Adyar estuary was once known for its unique ecology and endemic flora and fauna, has lost its pristine condition due to urbanization, discharge of untreated domestic wastes, industrial effluents and encroachments. Zooplankton were monitored for a period of one year from July 2009 to June 2010, following standard methods to evaluate the seasonal variations in diversity and density in relation to environmental parameters like temperature (28.6-33.6ºC), salinity (23.3-30.3‰), pH (7.3-7.8) and DO (4.4-7.1mg l-1). Highest diversity was observed during post-monsoon  (20 species) and pre-monsoon (19 species), followed by summer (9 species) and monsoon  (9 species). The zooplankton density was maximum during summer (1887167 m-3) followed by pre-monsoon  (1843832  m-3),  post-monsoon  (1153333 m-3)  and monsoon  (182334 m-3). Zooplankton community structure and dynamics showed a differential pattern with dominance of harpacticoids and rotifers in pre-monsoon; cyclopoids and rotifers during post-monsoon and summer. The significance of monitoring zooplankton biodiversity as a base-line study for future investigations on environmental changes in this area is discussed.


Key words

Adyar estuary, Zooplankton, Biodiversity


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