and utilization of tree species in Meitei
of Barak Valley, Assam
Devi and Ashesh Kumar Das*
of Ecology and Environmental Science, Assam University, Silchar-788 011,
Author email : email@example.com
23 September 2011
14 April 2012
25 May 2012
26 July 2012
inventory of tree diversity in traditional homegardens of Meitei community
was conducted in a Bontarapur village in Cachar district of Barak Valley,
Assam. Meitei homegarden locally called Ingkhol exhibits a wide
diversity in size, shape, location and composition. Seventy one tree species
were enumerated from 50 homegardens belonging to 60 genus and 35 families.
Among the families encountered, Rutaceae was the dominant family (4 genus and
7 species) followed by Meliaceae (5 genus and 5 species), Arecaceae (4 genus
and 4 species) and Moraceae (3 genus and 5 species). Total 7946 tree
individuals were recorded, with the density of 831 No ha-1?of and total basal area
of 9.54 m2?ha-1. Areca catechu
was the dominant species with the maximum number of individuals. Other
dominant trees include Mangifera indica, Artocarpus heterophyllus, Citrus
grandis, Parkia timoriana, Syzygium cumini and Psidium guajava.
Being a cash crop, the intensification of betel nut has been preferred in
many homegardens. Homegardens form an important component of land use of
Meitei community which fulfills the socio-cultural and economic needs of the
family and helps in conserving plant diversity through utilization.
Homegarden, Ingkhol, Parkia timoriana, In-situ
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