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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Mar 2013, 34 (2)                                                                                                             Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Diversity and utilization of tree species in Meitei

homegardens of Barak Valley, Assam


N.Linthoingambi Devi and Ashesh Kumar Das*

Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Assam University, Silchar-788 011, India

*Corresponding Author email :




Publication Data

Paper received:

23 September 2011


Revised received:

14 April 2012


Re-revised received:

25 May 2012



26 July 2012



An inventory of tree diversity in traditional homegardens of Meitei community was conducted in a Bontarapur village in Cachar district of Barak Valley, Assam. Meitei homegarden locally called Ingkhol exhibits a wide diversity in size, shape, location and composition. Seventy one tree species were enumerated from 50 homegardens belonging to 60 genus and 35 families. Among the families encountered, Rutaceae was the dominant family (4 genus and 7 species) followed by Meliaceae (5 genus and 5 species), Arecaceae (4 genus and 4 species) and Moraceae (3 genus and 5 species). Total 7946 tree individuals were recorded, with the density of 831 No ha-1of and total basal area of 9.54 m2ha-1. Areca catechu was the dominant species with the maximum number of individuals. Other dominant trees include Mangifera indica, Artocarpus heterophyllus, Citrus grandis, Parkia timoriana, Syzygium cumini and Psidium guajava. Being a cash crop, the intensification of betel nut has been preferred in many homegardens. Homegardens form an important component of land use of Meitei community which fulfills the socio-cultural and economic needs of the family and helps in conserving plant diversity through utilization.


Key words

Meitei, Homegarden, Ingkhol, Parkia timoriana, In-situ conservation


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