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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Nov 2010, 31 (6)                                     Back


abstract_01

Effects of wattle extract on Microcystic aeruginosa growth and

the simulated mini fresh water ecosystem

 

Zhou Lirong1,2,3, Hou Linglong1,2,3, Hu Yunyan1, Song Jingguo1,2 and Chen Wenqing*1,2,3

 

1Scu-Hitach Environment Applied Research Center, Sichuan University, Chengdu - 610 065, China

 

2College of Architecture and Environment, Sichuan University, Chengdu - 610 065, China

 

3State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River Engineering, Sichuan

University, Chengdu - 610 065, China

 

(Received: January 15, 2009; Revised received: December 31, 2009; Re-revised received: March 26, 2010; Accepted: March 30, 2010)

 

Abstract: In recent years, there has been an apparent increase in the occurrence of harmful algal blooms in fresh waters. The value of applying the novel wattle extract (Acacia mimosa) to inhibit algal growth was assessed. Our results showed that the growth of Microcystis aeruginosa was successfully repressed by the plant extract and resulted in decreased extracellular microcystin-LR production. In the experiments, it showed a very effective inhibition in the stage of exponential growth (the largest decrease in level is 47.3% of the control) especially in nonsterile conditions, and the extract can reduce 14.5-24.7% cell density of the control in the stationary stage. In outdoor experiments, the extract reduced dissolved oxygen and pH, and selectively cut down cyanobacterial cell density to one-third of the control after 36 d of treatment. Accordingly, due to competitive inhibition in interspecies, other nanoalgae and small-sized aquatic animals declined, while macrozooplankton increased. Finally, more large algae were eliminated and thereby the water treated was clarified and the recovery of the freshwater ecosystem was promoted. Hence, the present study suggested a new and more effective and very low ecological risk approach to reduce nuisance blooms cyanobacteria in eutrophic water.

Key words: Acacia mimosa, Algal bloom control, Fresh water ecosystem, Microcystis aeruginosa, Microcystin, Wattle extract

PDF of full length paper is available online

 

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