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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Jul 2010, 31 (4)                                                                                                             Back



Abstract _19

Gas exchange in Paulownia species growing under different

soil moisture conditions in the field

 

J.M. Llano-Sotelo1, L. Alcaraz-Melendez*2 and A.E. Castellanos Villegas3

1,2 Centro de Investigaciones Biologicas del Noroeste (CIBNOR) Apdo. Postal 128 La Paz, B.C.S. 23000, M?xico

3 Departamento de? Investigaciones Cient?ficas y Tecnol?gicas de la Universidad de Sonora (DICTUS),

Apdo. Postal 1819, Hermosillo, Sonora, M?xico

(Received: September 26, 2008; Revised received: December 10, 2008; Accepted: January 01, 2009)

 

Abstract: In order to evaluate their responses to drought, we determined the photosynthetic activity, water potential, stomatal conductance, transpiration, water use efficiency, photosynthetic photon flux density and leaf temperature of Paulownia imperialis, P. fortunei and P. elongata in three different soil moisture conditions in the field. Our results showed that P. imperialis had greater photosynthesis (8.86 ?mol CO2 m-2 s-1) and instantaneous water use efficiency (0.79 ?mol CO2mmol H2O-1) than either P. elongata (8.20 ?mol CO2 m-2 s-1 and 0.71 ?mol CO2 mmol H2O-1) or P. fortunei (3.26 ?mol CO2m-2 s-1and 0.07 ?mol CO2mmol H2O-1). The rapid growth of Paulownia did not appear to be correlated with photosynthetic rates. Paulownia fortunei showed more transpiration (48.78 mmol H2O m-2? s-1) and stomatal conductance (840 mmol m-2? s-1) than P. imperialis (20 mmol H2O m-2 s-1 and 540 mmol m-2 s-1) and P. elongata (20 mmol? H2O m-2 ?s-1 and 410 mmol m-2? s-1), which allowed these two Paulownia species to increase their tolerance to low soil moisture, and maintain higher water use efficiency under these conditions. According to our physiological gas exchange field tests, Paulownia imperialis does appear to be capable of successful growth in semiarid zones.

Key words: Paulownia, Drought, Photosynthesis, Gas exchange, Stomatal conductance

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