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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Jul 2010, 31 (4)                                                                                                             Back



Abstract _13

Effect of salinity on survival and growth of blue crab,

Callinectes amnicola from Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria

 

Aderonke Omolara Lawal-Are* and Kola Kusemiju

Department of Marine Sciences, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria

(Received: August 25, 2008; Revised received: March 27, 2009; Accepted: March 30, 2009)

 

Abstract: The effect of salinity on the survival and growth of Callinectes amnicola (De Rocheburne) from the Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria was monitored in the laboratory for 22 weeks. The crabs were euryhaline and tolerated a salinity range of 5 to 25? and had 90% survival at 15 and 20?. The highest gain in weight (173.0%) and carapace width (56.1%) was obtained at salinity of 15?. The highest specific growth rate (1.98) was obtained at 15?, while the lowest specific growth rate (-0.28) was recorded at 35?. The condition factor of the crabs showed a fairly consistent pattern at the different salinity levels with values ranging from 5.7 to 7.3. Complete moulting was obtained at salinity of 15? in the 12th week of the experiment. The crab with carapace width of 6.8cm increased to 8.1cm (19.1%) after moulting.

Key words: Salinity tolerance, Survival, Growth, Callinectes amnicola, Lagos Lagoon

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