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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue May 2010, 31 (3)                                                                                                             Back


EDTA and citric acid mediated phytoextraction of Zn, Cu, Pb

and Cd through marigold (Tagetes erecta)


V.K. Sinhal, Alok Srivastava and V.P. Singh*


Department of Plant Science, Faculty of Applied Sciences, M.J.P. Rohilkhand University, Bareilly - 243 006, India

(Received: June 24, 2008; Revised received: May 08, 2009; Accepted: June 09, 2009)


Abstract: Phytoextraction is an emerging cost-effective solution for remediation of contaminated soils which involves the removal of toxins, especially heavy metals and metalloids, by the roots of the plants with subsequent transport to aerial plant organs. The aim of the present investigation is to study the effects of EDTA and citric acid on accumulation potential of marigold (Tagetes erecta) to Zn, Cu, Pb, and Cd and also to evaluate the impacts of these chelators (EDTA and citric acid) in combination with all the four heavy metals on the growth of marigold. The plants were grown in pots and treated with Zn (7.3 mg l-1), Cu (7.5 mg l-1), Pb (3.7 mg l-1) and Cd (0.2 mg l-1) alone and in combination with different doses of EDTA i.e., 10, 20 and 30 mg l-1. All the three doses of EDTA i.e., 10, 20 and 30 mg l-1 significantly increased the accumulation of Zn, Cu, Pb and Cd by roots, stems and leaves as compared to control treatments. The 30 mg l-1 concentration of citric acid showed reduced accumulation of these metals by root, stem and leaves as compared to lower doses i.e., 10 and 20 mg l-1. Among the four heavy metals, Zn accumulated in the great amount (526.34 mg kg-1 DW) followed by Cu (443.14 mg kg-1 DW), Pb (393.16 mg kg-1 DW) and Cd (333.62 mg kg-1 DW) in leaves with 30 mg l-1 EDTA treatment. The highest concentration of EDTA and citric acid (30 mg l-1) caused significant reduction in growth of marigold in terms of plant height, fresh weight of plant, total chlorophyll, carbohydrate content and protein content. Thus EDTA and citric acid efficiently increased the phytoextractability of marigold which can be used to remediate the soil contaminated with these metals.

Key words: Accumulation, Citric acid, EDTA, Heavy metals, Marigold, Phytoextraction

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