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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Jan + Mar 2010, 31 (1)                                     Back


Abstract_ 05

Phytosociological and ecological structure of Mediterranean enclaves

along the stream valleys in inner parts of black sea region

 

Fergan Karaer1, Mahmut Kilinc2, Hasan Korkmaz2, Hamdi Guray Kutbay*2, Erkan Yalcin2 and Ali Bilgin3

1Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Amasya University,? Amasya - 05100, Turkey

2Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, University of Ondokuz Mayis, 55139, Kurupelit-Samsun, Turkey

3Department of Biology,Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Rize University,? 53100, Rize, Turkey

(Received: April 25, 2009; Revised received: June 09, 2009; Accepted: September 05, 2009)

 

Abstract: In this study, phytosociological structure of Mediterranean enclaves which occured along the stream valleys in inner parts of Black sea region was investigated. Pinus brutia var. brutia and Quercus coccifera are the most widespread communities in the study area. Pinus pinea, Arbutus andrachne, Arbutus unedo, Fontanesia philliraeoides subsp. philliraeoides and Olea europaea L. var. sylvestris have a restricted distribution in inner parts of Black sea region as compared to P. brutia and Q. coccifera. The following associations were described in the study area. Siderito dichotomae -Quercetum cocciferae, Spiraeo crenatae-Oleetum sylvestris ass. nov., Cotino coggyreae-Arbutetum andrachnes, Buxo sempervirenti-Arbutetum unedonis ass. nov., Paliuro spinae-christi- Fontanesietum philliraeoidis, Querco infectoriae-Pinetum brutiae and Crucianello ponticae-Pinetum pinae. The highest species diversity was found in Crucienello ponticae-Pinetum pinae, while the lowest species diversity was found in Spiraeo crenatae-Oleetum sylvestris. Evenness values were much similar to each other among all of the associations. According to CA Paliurus spinae-christi-Fontanesietum philliraeoidis, Spiraeo crenatae-Oleetum sylvestris and Crucienello ponticae-Pinetum pinae occured in the negative zone. The other four associations occured in the positive zone.

Key words: Black sea region, Enclaves, Maquis vegetation, Mediterranean climate, Numerical methods, Stream valleys

??????????? PDF of full length paper is available online

 

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