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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Jan + Mar 2010, 31 (1)                                     Back


Abstract_ 02

Effects of forest fire on soil nutrients in Turkish pine (Pinus brutia, Ten) ecosystems

 

Oktay Yildiz*, Derya Esen, Murat Sarginci and Bulent Toprak

Faculty of Forestry, Duzce University, Konuralp, Duzce - 81620, Turkey

(Received: March 15, 2009; Revised received: May 10, 2009; Accepted: September 18, 2009)

 

Abstract: Fire is a long-standing and poorly understood component of the Mediterranean forestlands in Turkey.? Fire can alter plant composition, destroy biomass, alter soil physical and chemical properties and reduce soil nutrient pools.? However, fire can also promote productivity of certain ecosystems by mineralizing soil nutrients and promoting fast growing nitrogen fixing plant species. Fire effects on soils and ecosystems in Turkey and Mediterranean regions are not well understood. This study, uses a retrospective space-for-time substitution to study soil macro-nutrient changes on sites which were burned at different times during the last 8 years. The study sites are in the Fethiye Forest Management Directorate in the western Mediterranean Sea region of Turkey. Our samples show 40% less Soil C, and cation exchange capacity (CEC) at 0-20 cm soil depth two weeks after the fire. Soil C and CEC appear to recover to pre-fire level in one year.? Concentrations of Mg were significantly lower on new-burn sites, but returned to pre-fire levels in one year. Total soil N concentrations one and two years after fire were 90% higher than other sites, and total P was 9 times higher on new-burn site than averages from other sites.? Some implications of these results for forest managers are discussed.

Key words: Fire, Soil nutrients, Turkish pine

?????? ?PDF of full length paper is available online

 

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