Journal of Environmental Biology
pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP
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Abstract - Issue July 2009, 30 (4) Back
Biological heat potential and temperature effect of an autothermal
thermophilic aerobic treatment (ATAT) system
Jui Min Hung1, Chang Yu Chen2, Fu Shih Huang1 and Chih Jen Lu1
Department of Environmental
2Department of Environmental Engineering, Hung Kuang University, No. 34, Chung-Chie Road, Sha-Lu Town,
Abstract: This study focused on the evaluation of the specific biological heat potential (hb) of a food-processing artificial wastewater in the autothermal thermophilic aerobic treatment (ATAT) system. A novel experimental method was developed to evaluate the hb value by using the heat balance model under the steady state. This system was daily fed with oily and artificial wastewater at 21460 mg l-1 COD. The sludge retention time (SRT) was controlled at 15 days.† The results showed that the average values of hb were 3.25 to 3.63 kcal g-1-COD-removed for the artificial wastewater. The values of true growth yield (Y0) were 0.08 to 0.19 mg-MLSS mg-1-COD for the food-processing wastewater at different temperatures. The COD removal efficiency was 77† to 91%, and it was decreased as temperature increased. But, the oil and grease (O and G) removal efficiency was 50† to 69%, and increased as temperature increased. These results might indicate that oil and grease become more soluble and accessible to microorganisms at high temperatures. The study indicated the temperature effect constant (∆) of vanít Hoff-Arrhenius law was 0.958, which explained and showed typical characteristics in the low sludge yield of an ATAT process.
Key words: ATAT system; Temperature effect; Biological heat potential, Growth yield, Oily wastewater
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