Journal of Environmental Biology
pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP
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Abstract - Issue July 2009, 30 (4) Back
Determination of fungal diseases, site and stand characteristics in
stands in Ilgaz-Yenice forest district,
Nuri Oner1, Hasan Huseyin Dogan2, Celaleddin Ozturk2 and Meral Gurer3
1Faculty of Forestry,
2Biology Department, Faculty of Art and Science,
Abstract: Fungal diseases, site and stand characteristics were investigated in Yenice forest sub-district headquarters belonging to Ilgaz forest enterprise. Diseases and wood decaying fungi on fallen and cut tree stumps were determined on scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), crimean pine (P. nigra subsp. nigra var.caramanica), and uludag fir (Abies nordmanniana subsp. bornmulleriana). Altitude (m), exposure, slope (%), relief, rate of mixture (%) and anthropogenic effects were noted for 56 sample plots which have various stand compositions. Age, breast height diameter (cm), top height (m), crown and bole quality, regeneration quality and development of representative tree species were also recorded into vegetation forms. Yellow witches’ broom (Melampsorella caryophyllacearum), which caused drying of uludag fir trees, was determined. Besides, 53 macrofungi species belonging to 3 divisions, 10 orders, 25 families and 36 genera were determined. Some of them cause white and brown decay on living and core wood. The most common parasitic and saprobe fungi are Galerina Ganoderma, Gloeophyllum, Gymnopilus, Hypholoma, Lentinus, Phellinus, Pleurotus, Polyporus and Stereum species in the research area. Trichaptum abietinum is also typical wood decay fungi for living or cut fir trees and it is very common in the research area.
Key words: Fungal diseases, Ilgaz-Yenice, Macrofungi, Mixed stand, Site, Stand characteristics
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