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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Mar 2009, 30 (3)                                                                                                             Back

Interactions between marine facultative epiphyte Chlamydomonas sp

Short term diurnal and temporal measurement of methane emission in relation to organic carbon, phosphate and sulphate content of two rice fields of central Gujarat, India


J.I. Nirmal Kumar* and Shailendra Viyol

P.G. Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Institute of Science Technology for

Advanced Studies and Research (ISTAR), Vallabh Vidyanagar - 388 120, India

(Received: June 13, 2007; Revised received: December 11, 2007; Accepted: January 10, 2008)

Abstract: Methane emission from two rice fields of Lambhvel village, Anand district, central Gujarat, India, was measured for whole cultivation period during pre-summer season. Along with the methane emission, soil chemistry of the two rice fields (Organic carbon, PO4-2 and SO4-2) was determined. The methane emission ranged from 105.67 to 720.64 mg m-2hr-1, having maximum emission during noon period (11 am to 1 pm) of the day at the rice field 1. Besides, at rice field 2, the methane emission ranged between 201.59 to 430.94 mg m-2hr-1, having maximum peak during same period (11 am to 1 pm) of the day. The results of the current investigation confirm that the methane emission vary substantially between two rice fields, and suggest that soil chemistry and flood water depth might control the methane emission in both the rice fields and suppressed by the phosphate and sulphate concentrations. The greater methane emission was gradually declined from first trip to fourth trip. Correlation analysis, ANOVA and F-test showed that the methane emission from both the sites has positive correlation with organic carbon and negative correlation with sulfate and phosphate content of the soil and the details of these reasons are discussed in this paper.

Key words: Methane emission, Rice fields, Soil organic carbon, Phosphate, Sulphate

PDF of full length paper is available with author (*


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